Technology Applications Partners About Us

Which byproduct is the target? Can both be targets?

At first glance, our technology is used to recover low concentrations of water soluble anions from water streams by adding an organic alkyl halide, a catalyst and some base to "extract and react" the anions and convert them to saleable products. However, a reciprocal approach is also possible. If one wanted to react an organic soluble component, alkyl halide or acyl halide, from an organic mixture then one would purposely add a stream of a dissolved water soluble anion and react the organic out of the organic phase. In essence, it does not matter which is the target and which is the added component. Taking this line of reasoning further, one could start by having BOTH chemical components as part of byproduct or waste streams and add only the catalyst and, sometimes, base. Thus, the process is not limited by the target chemical or chemicals. It is as easily applied to aqueous streams as to organic ones. The key is that in either case the target chemical must be amenable to PTC and either appear on our list of target chemicals or be chemically similar.

Water Soluble Anions

  • Acetate and Formate
  • Acrylate
  • Azide
  • Cyanide and Thiocyanate
  • Phenols
  • Terephthalate

Acyl and Alkyl Halides

  • Allyl Chloride
  • Allyl Bromide
  • Benzyl Chloride
  • Benzoyl Chloride
  • Ethyl Chloride
  • Methyl Bromide
  • Methyl Chloride
Organic Soluble Alkyl
or Acyl Halide
Water Soluble Anion
Product

1

Ethyl Chloride

Sodium Acetate

Ethyl Acetate

2

Ethyl Chloride

Sodium Formate

Ethyl Formate

3

Ethyl Chloride

Sodium Acrylate

Ethyl Acrylate

4

Ethyl Chloroacetate

Sodium Cyanide

Ethyl Cyanoacetate

5

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Formate

Methyl Formate

6

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Acrylate

Methyl Acrylate

7

Methyl Chloride

p-Hydroxybenzoate

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate (methyl paraben)

8

Methyl Chloride

Disodium terephthalate

Dimethyl Terephthalate

9

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Isobutyrate

Methyl Isobutyrate

10

n-Propyl Chloride

p-Hydroxybenzoate

Propyl p-Hydroxybenzoate (propyl paraben)

11

n-Butyl Chloride

Sodium Acrylate

n-Butyl Acrylate

12

Benzyl Chloride

Sodium Butyl Phthalate

Benzyl Butyl Phthalate

13

Butyl Bromide

Disodium Phthalate

Dibutyl Phtalate

14

Benzyl Chloride

Sodium Formate

Benzyl Formate

15

Benzyl Chloride

Sodium Salicylate

Benzyl Salicylate

16

Allyl Bromide

Sodium Acetate

Allyl Acetate

17

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Phenolate

Anisole

18

Ethyl Chloride

Sodium Phenolate

Phenetole

19

Methyl Chloride

Resorcinol (Na Salt)

1,3-Dimethoxybenzene

20

Allyl Chloride

2,4,6-Tribromophenolate

Allyl Tribromophenyl Ether

21

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Nitrite

Nitromethane

22

Benzyl Chloride

Sodium Cyanide

Phenylacetonitrile (PAN)

23

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Cyanide

Acetonitrile

24

Benzoyl Chloride

Sodium Cyanide

Benzoyl Cyanide

25

1,4-dichlorobutane

Sodium Cyanide

Adiponitrile

26

Benzyl Chloride

Sodium Sulfide

Benzyl Sulfide

27

Methyl Chloride

Sodium Sulfide

Dimethyl Sulfide

28

2-Chloroethanol

Sodium Ethylthiolate

2-(Ethylthio)ethanol

29

Benzoyl Chloride

Sodium Azide

Benzoyl Azide

30

Allyl Chloride

Disodium Phthalate

Diallyl Phthalate

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